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Tennessee Emergency Management Plan

The Tennessee Emergency Management Plan (TEMP) provides the foundation for all disaster and emergency response plans and operations conducted within the state of Tennessee. TCA_58-2-106 requires TEMA to develop this plan and maintain it. All local emergency management plans are required to emulate the TEMP in terms of structure and purpose. The Governor has issued an executive order to adopt NIMS to formulate a common emergency management response and recovery.

The plan, which is signed by the Governor, can be used to declare a state of emergency instead of a proclamation, as provided by TCA 58-2-107. A state emergency may not last longer than 60 days, unless the Governor extends it in writing with an executive order or proclamation.

All of the plans developed by TEMA reference the TEMP. Many of the plans become sub-elements or annexes, which make them a part of the TEMP. Emergency management plans involving sensitive national security issues, events involving terrorism, locations of critical facilities and references to systemic weaknesses or problems which may develop under catastrophic scenarios, are held as confidential records by state law and not releasable to the public.

Emergency Support Functions, known as ESFs, are the organizational backbone to the TEMP. Tennessee was one of the first states to integrate the Emergency Support Function (ESF) concept into its state plan, and several other states and territories of the United States have used our plan as a model for their own.

Emergency Support Functions

ESF-1 – Transportation
TDOT - Responsible for:
o   Transportation networking
o   Coordinating with FEMA ESF-1 Transportation

ESF-2 – Communications
TEMA OPS & COMMO DIRECTOR - Responsible for:
o   Communications systems and warning systems
o   Coordinating with FEMA ESF-2 Communications

ESF-3 – Infrastructure
TDCI-Codes Enforcement - Responsible for:
o   Building Inspection and Condemnation

TDOT - Responsible for:
o   Route Clearance and Bridge Inspection
o   Debris Removal

TDEC-Water Program - Responsible for:
o   Water and Wastewater Systems

TDOT - Responsible for:
Coordinating with FEMA ESF-3 Public Works & Engineering

ESF-4 – Firefighting
TDCI–Fire Marshal - Responsible for:
o   Firefighting
o   Coordinating with FEMA ESF-4 Firefighting

ESF-5 – Information and Planning
TEMA PEM DIRECTOR - Responsible for:
o   Disaster Intelligence
o   Damage Assessment                 
o   Coordinating with FEMA ESF-5 Emergency Management

TEMA PIO - Responsible for:
o   ESF-5b Public Information
o   Warnings (initial notice by TEMA Operations), protective action guidelines, and public awareness    o   Coordinating with FEMA ESF-15 External Affairs

ESF-6 – Human Services
TEMA/TN DEPT OF HEALTH ESC - Responsible for:
o   Shelter and Mass Care Operations
o   Disaster Victim Services
o   Coordinating with ESF-6 Mass Care, Housing & Human Services

ESF-7 – Resource Management
TDGS - Responsible for:
o   ESF-7a Logistics, Resource Management                                                                                 o        ESF-1b Vehicle Allocation
o   Coordinating with FEMA ESF-7 Resource Management

TEMA DACO - Responsible for:
o   ESF-7c Staging Areas

ESF-8 – Public Health & Crisis Intervention Support
TDOH-EMS - Responsible for:
o   Emergency Medical Services, Public Health, Crisis Intervention Support and Pandemics
o   Coordinating with FEMA ESF-8 Public Health & Medical Svcs

ESF-9 – Search & Rescue
TEMA - Responsible for:
o   Search and Rescue
o   Coordinating with FEMA ESF-9 Urban Search & Rescue

ESF-10 – Environmental Response
TEMA - Responsible for:
o   Hazardous Materials and Radiological Materials
o   Coordinating with FEMA ESF-10 Oil & HAZMAT Response

ESF-11 – Food
TDA - Responsible for:
o   Coordinating with FEMA ESF-11 Agriculture & Natural Resources (for products)

ESF-12 – Energy
TECD-Energy / TRA / TVA - Responsible for:
o   Energy (petroleum, electrical, natural gas, etc.)
o   Coordinating with FEMA ESF-12 Energy

ESF-13 – Law Enforcement
TDOS-THP - Responsible for:
o   Traffic Control, Security and Crime Control, Evacuation/ Movement and Terrorism
o   Coordinating with FEMA ESF-13 Public Safety & Security

TDOC - Responsible for:
o   Institutions and Jails

ESF-14 – Donations and Volunteers
VOAD ESC for ESF-14 - Responsible for:
o   Donations (under Logistics)
o   Volunteers (under Human Needs)
o   Coordinating with FEMA ESF-14 – Long-term Community Recovery and Mitigation

ESF-15 – Recovery
TEMA GRANTS & PROGRAMS DIRECTOR (defaults as State Recovery Officer, if none named) - Responsible for:
o   Assistance Programs, Recovery and Reconstruction
o   Coordinating with FEMA ESF-15 External Affairs

ESF-16 – Animal Housing & Care Services
DOA ESC for ESF-16 - Responsible for:
o   Animal Housing & Care Services, Livestock, and Animal Disease Management
o   Coordinating with FEMA ESF-11 Agriculture & Nat Resources (for Animals)



Fixed Nuclear Facility Program

TEMA is contracted by the Tennessee Valley Authority to provide a comprehensive off-site emergency response program in the event of a radiological incident at either of Tennessee's two nuclear power plants.

TEMA's Technical Hazards Branch coordinates with federal, state, and local responders, provides yearly training to those responders, manages evacuation route planning, shelters, monthly notification siren tests, annual plan updates, and training exercises multiple times each year.

The plan that guides all aspects of the offsite response is entitled the Tennessee Multi-Jurisdictional Radiological Emergency Response Plan (MJREP). The plans, which are individual for the Watts Bar and Sequoyah Nuclear Power Stations, are based upon actions taken in the event of an actual emergency at the plant.

To ensure that each level of government can understands their roles, and can successfully protect the citizens of this state, each plant's plan is exercised yearly. In addition to the two state level exercises, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) test our response yearly in a graded exercise. The federal exercise rotates each year to the other plant.

The Sequoyah MJREP and the Watts Bar MJREP do not replace the TEMP, but work in coordination with it. The MJREP covers the specific technical aspects of radiological response, while the TEMP provides overall command and control.

MJERP Planning Overview

The area surrounding a nuclear power plant falls into one of two zones used for emergency planning:

Emergency Planning Zone (EPZ)

  • Extends 10 miles from the nuclear power plant
  • Exposure through direct contact with or inhalation of radioactive particles released in a plume

Ingestion Pathway Zone (IPZ)

  • Extends 50 miles from the nuclear power plant
  • Exposure through consumption of contaminated agricultural and dairy products

The counties surrounding a nuclear power plant also fall into one of three categories used for emergency planning:

Risk County

  • Applies to all counties within 10 miles of the nuclear power plant
  • Shelter or evacuation orders are likely

Host County

  • Applies to counties outside of the 10 mile EPZ that have been designated to provide shelter for risk county evacuees

Ingestion County

  • Applies to all counties, including host counties, outside the 10 mile EPZ but within the 50 mile IPZ
  • Agricultural embargoes likely to prevent the consumption of contaminated agricultural and dairy products